(a) Service: When Required. Except as otherwise provided in these rules, every order required by its terms to be served, every pleading subsequent to the original complaint unless the court otherwise orders because of numerous defendants, every paper relating to discovery required to be served upon a party unless the court otherwise orders, every written motion other than one which may be heard ex parte, and every written notice, appearance, demand, offer of judgment, designation of record on appeal, and similar paper shall be served upon each of the parties. No service need be made on parties in default for failure to appear except that pleadings asserting new or additional claims for relief against them shall be served upon them in the manner provided for service of summons in Rule 4.
[As amended; effective September 27, 1971.]
(b) Same: How Made.
(1) Whenever under these rules service is required or permitted to be made upon a party represented by an attorney, the service shall be made upon the attorney unless the court orders that service be made upon the party.
(2) Service under this rule is made by:
(A) Delivering a copy to the attorney or the party by:
(i) handing it to the attorney or to the party;
(ii) leaving it at the attorney’s or party’s office with a clerk or other person in charge, or if there is no one in charge, leaving it in a conspicuous place in the office; or
(iii) if the office is closed or the person to be served has no office, leaving it at the person’s dwelling house or usual place of abode with some person of suitable age and discretion residing there.
(B) Mailing a copy to the attorney or the party at his or her last known address. Service by mail is complete on mailing; provided, however, a motion, answer or other document constituting the initial appearance of a party must also, if served by mail, be filed within the time allowed for service; and provided further, that after such initial appearance, service by mail be made only by mailing from a point within the State of Nevada.
(C) If the attorney or the party has no known address, leaving a copy with the clerk of the court.
(D) Delivering a copy by electronic means if the attorney or the party served has consented to service by electronic means. Service by electronic means is complete on transmission provided, however, a motion, answer or other document constituting the initial appearance of a party must also, if served by electronic means, be filed within the time allowed for service. The served attorney’s or party’s consent to service by electronic means shall be expressly stated and filed in writing with the clerk of the court and served on the other parties to the action. The written consent shall identify:
(i) the persons upon whom service must be made;
(ii) the appropriate address or location for such service, such as the electronic-mail address or facsimile number;
(iii) the format to be used for attachments; and
(iv) any other limits on the scope or duration of the consent.
An attorney’s or party’s consent shall remain effective until expressly revoked or until the representation of a party changes through entry, withdrawal, or substitution of counsel. An attorney or party who has consented to service by electronic means shall, within 10 days after any change of electronic-mail address or facsimile number, serve and file notice of the new electronic-mail address or facsimile number.
(3) Service by electronic means under Rule 5(b)(2)(D) is not effective if the party making service learns that the attempted service did not reach the person to be served.
(4) Proof of service may be made by certificate of an attorney or of the attorney’s employee, or by written admission, or by affidavit, or other proof satisfactory to the court. Failure to make proof of service shall not affect the validity of service.
[As amended; effective January 1, 2005.]
(c) Same: Numerous Defendants. In any action in which there are unusually large numbers of defendants, the court, upon motion or of its own initiative, may order that service of the pleadings of the defendants and replies thereto need not be made as between the defendants and that any cross-claim, counterclaim, or matter constituting an avoidance or affirmative defense contained therein shall be deemed to be denied or avoided by all other parties and that the filing of any such pleading and service thereof upon the plaintiff constitutes due notice of it to the parties. A copy of every such order shall be served upon the parties in such manner and form as the court directs.
(d) Filing. All papers after the complaint required to be served upon a party shall be filed with the court either before service or within a reasonable time thereafter, except as otherwise provided in Rule 5(b), but, unless filing is ordered by the court on motion of a party or upon its own motion, depositions upon oral examination and interrogatories, requests for production, requests for admission, and the answers and responses thereto, shall not be filed unless and until they are used in the proceedings. Originals of responses to requests for admissions or production and answers to interrogatories shall be served upon the party who made the request or propounded the interrogatories and that party shall make such originals available at the time of any pretrial hearing or at trial for use by any party.
[As amended; effective February 11, 1986.]
(e) Filing With the Court Defined. The filing of pleadings and other papers with the court as required by these rules shall be made by filing them with the clerk of the court, except that the judge may permit the papers to be filed with the judge, in which event the judge shall note thereon the filing date and forthwith transmit them to the office of the clerk. A court may by local rule permit papers to be filed, signed or verified by electronic means that are consistent with technical standards, if any, that the Judicial Conference of the United States establishes. A paper signed by electronic means in compliance with the local rule constitutes a written paper presented for the purpose of applying these rules. The clerk shall not refuse to accept for filing any paper presented for that purpose solely because it is not presented in proper form as required by these rules or any local rules or practices.
[As amended; effective January 1, 2005.]
Subdivision (b) is reorganized to make its provisions more accessible. Subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of Rule 5(b)(2) retain the method-of-service provisions of former Rule 5(b). Subparagraph (D) is new. It permits service by electronic means, including facsimile and electronic-mail, consistent with the 2001 amendments to the federal rule. Subdivision (b)(2)(D) provides that the served attorney or party must consent in writing to service by electronic means and includes specific provisions governing the form and content of the consent to service by electronic means. Subdivision (b)(3) is also new. It addresses the question of failed electronic service. Subdivision (b)(4) retains the proof-of-service provisions of former Rule 5(b).
Subdivision (e) is revised to conform to the 1991 and 1996 amendments to the federal rule. First, the amendment adds language that prohibits the clerk from refusing to ‘‘accept for filing any paper presented for that purpose solely because it is not presented in proper form as required by these rules or any local rules or practices.’’ Second, the amendment adds language to accommodate local rules that authorize filing by facsimile or other electronic means and thereby empowers the district courts to address the adoption of electronic filing based on the capabilities of both the district court clerk’s office and the desires of the bench and bar.